Also known as plantar warts or verrucaeWarts are a round or oval shaped lesion on the sole of the foot. They are caused by the human papilloma virus and are commonly misdiagnosed as a corn. Verrucae... Read More
The discomfort of heel bumps (Haglund's deformity) can be reduced by applying Foot Foundation Gel Sore Protectors to reduce friction and pressure. If required, these can be cut to shape (for example... Read More
Cracked heels are self-evident and very visible if wearing open backed shoes or if barefoot.Heel cracks are prone to form under conditions where the skin dries out; for example during periods when... Read More
Heel blisters form when poorly fitting or new footwear rubs on the heel.Fluid collects under the skin protecting the underlying tissue from further damage and allows healing to progress.Prevent... Read More
Bony bumps often form in response to trauma such as dropping a heavy object on the top of your foot. Some people have more prominent bones because they have less fatty tissue. Some forms of arthritis... Read More
Heel pain is also known as Plantar fasciitis or heel spurs.Heel PainPlantar fasciitis is a common condition, often caused by a combination of factors such as excessive pronation, standing for long... Read More
Big Toe Area
Bruising of the great toenail can be partial or the whole nail can be involved.Acute trauma causes extreme discomfort and bleeding under the nail, and usually happens when a heavy object has been... Read More
Ingrown toenails are self-evident and painful.Prevent ingrown toenails by using an appropriate technique for cutting toenails .Don't pull or tear nails. Cut straight across the nail and file the... Read More
Stress fractures in the forefoot tend to be very small non-complete fractures of the metatarsal shaft, caused during high impact sports like tennis and cricket, prolonged walking on hard surfaces, or... Read More
Ball of foot pain (Metatarsalgia)
Metatarsalgia is the general term used to describe pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot. The ball of the foot has a fat-pad to provide cushioning against shock. As we age, this cushion... Read More
Morton's neuroma is a trapped nerve that often affects the third and fourth toes and leads to a sharp stabbing pain between the metatarsals and numbness around that area. This condition is common in... Read More
Excessive pronation (flat feet)
Pronation is a necessary part of the gait cycle as this movement allows your foot to adapt to ground changes.Excessive pronation occurs when the foot rolls inwards throughout the gait cycle. The foot... Read More
Clawed toes may be caused by a number of factors:poor foot function leading to an over-pull of tendons causing the toes to contract or causing the toes to grab at the ground for stability;genetic... Read More
Callus and corns are both formed in response to excessive friction and pressure. It is the direction of the friction and pressure that determines whether a corn or callus develops. Linear friction is... Read More
Corns are a relatively common problem caused by friction or pressure from tight or poorly fitting shoes.Corns are the skin's response to circular friction and pressure. They often form over bony... Read More
Other terms for bunion include hallux abducto valgus (HAV).Bunions look like an unsightly bump on the side of the big toe. The bump is prone to extreme pressure from foot wear and often forms a fluid... Read More
Foot odour occurs when the bacterial burden on the surface of the skin is increased either through poor hygiene or excessive perspiration.Sometimes foot odour is an indicator of systemic health... Read More
Heels can bruise after activity involving excessive pressure, commonly as a result of high impact sports involving jumping on hard surfaces.Bruised heels are more common among people wearing poor... Read More
Apophysitis is a painful condition affecting the heels of children. Also known as Osgood Sever's disease, it is a growth disorder of the heel bone (Calcaneus).In children under nine years of age the... Read More
Achilles tendonitis is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon. This tendon is extremely strong and attaches to the back of the heel bone (Calcaneus). Your calf muscles form the source of this tendon... Read More
Tired aching feet
It is common for feet to be tired and aching after working hard. You can get relief by elevating your feet above your hips (eg lie on your back and put your feet up the wall or on a chair for 10... Read More
Lower back pain
Lower back pain can be improved by making sure your feet are fully supported (your body needs good foundations just like a building).Lower Back PainIf you suffer with lower back pain, it is a good... Read More
Excessive pronation (flat feet)
Warning. If you have diabetes, atherosclerosis or deep venous thrombosis – we recommend that you see a podiatrist.
Pronation is a necessary part of the gait cycle as this movement allows your foot to adapt to ground changes.
Excessive pronation occurs when the foot rolls inwards throughout the gait cycle. The foot looks splayed and the inner longitudinal arch will appear low to the ground.
Excessive pronation can cause or contribute towards the development of a number of other conditions. Some of the conditions attributed to excessive pronation are HAV, Plantar Fasciitis, loss of spring in the foot, metatarsalgia, shin splints, knee pain, hip pain, lower back pain and tendonitis, including Achilles tendonitis.
Excessively pronated feet will often cause people to walk with less spring in their gait, often they will have an out-toe gait and the toe-off phase of their gait cycle will be shortened and tend to roll off the side of the big toe instead of through the end of the big toe.
In young children it may be the cause of instability and lead to delayed walking milestones. Often these children are less active and will complain about walking any great distance. Pronation could be an early indicator for overweight and obesity. There is some evidence to suggest that pronation may increase the risk of children suffering with leg aches at night.
Any of the Foot Foundation orthotic range (Pret-A-Porta orthotic, Flexi-Fit orthotic and the Anti-Impact Pro orthotic), with the Heel Wedge added will help to address excessive pronation. Arch Supports can also be used to help correct excessive pronation.
If you are diabetic or high risk, any potential pressure area should be assessed by your podiatrist to prevent wound formation. If the condition does not improve, see your podiatrist.