Heel Area


Also known as plantar warts or verrucaeWarts are a round or oval shaped lesion on the sole of the foot. They are caused by the human papilloma virus and are commonly misdiagnosed as a corn. Verrucae... Read More

Heel bumps

The discomfort of heel bumps (Haglund's deformity) can be reduced by applying Foot Foundation Gel Sore Protectors to reduce friction and pressure. If required, these can be cut to shape (for example... Read More

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels are self-evident and very visible if wearing open backed shoes or if barefoot.Heel cracks are prone to form under conditions where the skin dries out; for example during periods when... Read More


Heel blisters form when poorly fitting or new footwear rubs on the heel.Fluid collects under the skin protecting the underlying tissue from further damage and allows healing to progress.Prevent... Read More

Bony Bumps

Bony bumps often form in response to trauma such as dropping a heavy object on the top of your foot. Some people have more prominent bones because they have less fatty tissue. Some forms of arthritis... Read More

Heel Pain

Heel pain is also known as Plantar fasciitis or heel spurs.Heel PainPlantar fasciitis is a common condition, often caused by a combination of factors such as excessive pronation, standing for long... Read More

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Big Toe Area

Bruised Toenail

Bruising of the great toenail can be partial or the whole nail can be involved.Acute trauma causes extreme discomfort and bleeding under the nail, and usually happens when a heavy object has been... Read More

Ingrown Toenail

Ingrown toenails are self-evident and painful.Prevent ingrown toenails by using an appropriate technique for cutting toenails .Don't pull or tear nails. Cut straight across the nail and file the... Read More

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Ball Area

Stress Fracture

Stress fractures in the forefoot tend to be very small non-complete fractures of the metatarsal shaft, caused during high impact sports like tennis and cricket, prolonged walking on hard surfaces, or... Read More

Ball of foot pain (Metatarsalgia)

Metatarsalgia is the general term used to describe pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot. The ball of the foot has a fat-pad to provide cushioning against shock. As we age, this cushion... Read More

Mortons Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a trapped nerve that often affects the third and fourth toes and leads to a sharp stabbing pain between the metatarsals and numbness around that area. This condition is common in... Read More

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Arch Area

Excessive pronation (flat feet)

Pronation is a necessary part of the gait cycle as this movement allows your foot to adapt to ground changes.Excessive pronation occurs when the foot rolls inwards throughout the gait cycle. The foot... Read More

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Toes Area

Clawed toes

Clawed toes may be caused by a number of factors:poor foot function leading to an over-pull of tendons causing the toes to contract or causing the toes to grab at the ground for stability;genetic... Read More


Callus and corns are both formed in response to excessive friction and pressure. It is the direction of the friction and pressure that determines whether a corn or callus develops. Linear friction is... Read More


Corns are a relatively common problem caused by friction or pressure from tight or poorly fitting shoes.Corns are the skin's response to circular friction and pressure. They often form over bony... Read More

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Side Area


Other terms for bunion include hallux abducto valgus (HAV).Bunions look like an unsightly bump on the side of the big toe. The bump is prone to extreme pressure from foot wear and often forms a fluid... Read More

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General Area

Foot Odour

Foot odour occurs when the bacterial burden on the surface of the skin is increased either through poor hygiene or excessive perspiration.Sometimes foot odour is an indicator of systemic health... Read More

Bruised heels

Heels can bruise after activity involving excessive pressure, commonly as a result of high impact sports involving jumping on hard surfaces.Bruised heels are more common among people wearing poor... Read More


Apophysitis is a painful condition affecting the heels of children. Also known as Osgood Sever's disease, it is a growth disorder of the heel bone (Calcaneus).In children under nine years of age the... Read More

Achilles tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon. This tendon is extremely strong and attaches to the back of the heel bone (Calcaneus). Your calf muscles form the source of this tendon... Read More

Tired aching feet

It is common for feet to be tired and aching after working hard. You can get relief by elevating your feet above your hips (eg lie on your back and put your feet up the wall or on a chair for 10... Read More

Lower back pain

Lower back pain can be improved by making sure your feet are fully supported (your body needs good foundations just like a building).Lower Back PainIf you suffer with lower back pain, it is a good... Read More

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Apophysitis is a painful condition affecting the heels of children. Also known as Osgood Sever's disease, it is a growth disorder of the heel bone (Calcaneus).

In children under nine years of age the heel bone is divided into two sections. As the child grows and matures, the bones" knit" and form one bone, usually around the age of ten through to thirteen years. If the child has a structural problem such as excessive pronation (feet rolling in), the two sections are more likely to be aggravated when trying to knit. Aggravation occurs because the Achilles tendon attaching at the back and the plantar fascia attaching at the front are pulling the two sections in opposite directions, inflaming the area that is trying to join up.

Often an affected child will be very active before the onset of pain and a limp then develops. Jumping seems to be one of the activities that really aggravates this condition.

In the past orthopedic surgeons would put children in a cast for long periods of time to stabilise the heel bone while it went through its growth period, but modern treatment is now designed to address the causes of the stress on the growth plates of the heel: this involves addressing excessive pronation and by stretching the Achilles tendon.

Excessive pronation can be corrected by wearing orthotics such as the Flexi-Fit or Anti-Impact Pro and adding the Heel Wedge to increase correction and cushion the heel.

Stretching the Achilles and Hamstrings is often overlooked in childrens' sport. Stretches should be done before activity, while warming up, during activity and when cooling down after activity.

The usual treatments for inflammation, for example ice and anti-inflammatories (gel rub) may also help. Check with your pharmacist if anti-inflammatories are suitable for your child.

Foot Foundation Gel Heel Cups may also give relief as they cushion the heel and slightly elevate the heel to lessen the pull of the Achilles tendon.

If children are growing very quickly, they may need diet supplementation to ensure that their bones have all the minerals and enzymes they need. Talk to your pharmacist about supplementation.

See your GP or podiatrist if children are still suffering with ongoing pain. Make sure you tell the specialist all of the things you have done to self-manage this condition, this will save time and assist with treatment.

The following Foot Foundation products may be of use in obtaining relief from Apophysitis:

Note that to fit children, the ladies range of Foot Foundation products may be suitable.

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