Also known as plantar warts or verrucaeWarts are a round or oval shaped lesion on the sole of the foot. They are caused by the human papilloma virus and are commonly misdiagnosed as a corn. Verrucae... Read More
The discomfort of heel bumps (Haglund's deformity) can be reduced by applying Foot Foundation Gel Sore Protectors to reduce friction and pressure. If required, these can be cut to shape (for example... Read More
Cracked heels are self-evident and very visible if wearing open backed shoes or if barefoot.Heel cracks are prone to form under conditions where the skin dries out; for example during periods when... Read More
Heel blisters form when poorly fitting or new footwear rubs on the heel.Fluid collects under the skin protecting the underlying tissue from further damage and allows healing to progress.Prevent... Read More
Bony bumps often form in response to trauma such as dropping a heavy object on the top of your foot. Some people have more prominent bones because they have less fatty tissue. Some forms of arthritis... Read More
Heel pain is also known as Plantar fasciitis or heel spurs.Heel PainPlantar fasciitis is a common condition, often caused by a combination of factors such as excessive pronation, standing for long... Read More
Big Toe Area
Bruising of the great toenail can be partial or the whole nail can be involved.Acute trauma causes extreme discomfort and bleeding under the nail, and usually happens when a heavy object has been... Read More
Ingrown toenails are self-evident and painful.Prevent ingrown toenails by using an appropriate technique for cutting toenails .Don't pull or tear nails. Cut straight across the nail and file the... Read More
Stress fractures in the forefoot tend to be very small non-complete fractures of the metatarsal shaft, caused during high impact sports like tennis and cricket, prolonged walking on hard surfaces, or... Read More
Ball of foot pain (Metatarsalgia)
Metatarsalgia is the general term used to describe pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot. The ball of the foot has a fat-pad to provide cushioning against shock. As we age, this cushion... Read More
Morton's neuroma is a trapped nerve that often affects the third and fourth toes and leads to a sharp stabbing pain between the metatarsals and numbness around that area. This condition is common in... Read More
Excessive pronation (flat feet)
Pronation is a necessary part of the gait cycle as this movement allows your foot to adapt to ground changes.Excessive pronation occurs when the foot rolls inwards throughout the gait cycle. The foot... Read More
Clawed toes may be caused by a number of factors:poor foot function leading to an over-pull of tendons causing the toes to contract or causing the toes to grab at the ground for stability;genetic... Read More
Callus and corns are both formed in response to excessive friction and pressure. It is the direction of the friction and pressure that determines whether a corn or callus develops. Linear friction is... Read More
Corns are a relatively common problem caused by friction or pressure from tight or poorly fitting shoes.Corns are the skin's response to circular friction and pressure. They often form over bony... Read More
Other terms for bunion include hallux abducto valgus (HAV).Bunions look like an unsightly bump on the side of the big toe. The bump is prone to extreme pressure from foot wear and often forms a fluid... Read More
Foot odour occurs when the bacterial burden on the surface of the skin is increased either through poor hygiene or excessive perspiration.Sometimes foot odour is an indicator of systemic health... Read More
Heels can bruise after activity involving excessive pressure, commonly as a result of high impact sports involving jumping on hard surfaces.Bruised heels are more common among people wearing poor... Read More
Apophysitis is a painful condition affecting the heels of children. Also known as Osgood Sever's disease, it is a growth disorder of the heel bone (Calcaneus).In children under nine years of age the... Read More
Achilles tendonitis is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon. This tendon is extremely strong and attaches to the back of the heel bone (Calcaneus). Your calf muscles form the source of this tendon... Read More
Tired aching feet
It is common for feet to be tired and aching after working hard. You can get relief by elevating your feet above your hips (eg lie on your back and put your feet up the wall or on a chair for 10... Read More
Lower back pain
Lower back pain can be improved by making sure your feet are fully supported (your body needs good foundations just like a building).Lower Back PainIf you suffer with lower back pain, it is a good... Read More
Warning. If you have diabetes, atherosclerosis or deep venous thrombosis – we recommend that you see a podiatrist.
Callus and corns are both formed in response to excessive friction and pressure. It is the direction of the friction and pressure that determines whether a corn or callus develops. Linear friction is associated with callus while circular friction is associated with corns.
Feet with excessive callus under the ball of the foot will lead to symptoms of burning, a bruised sensation, a feeling that something is sticking into the foot, loss of sensation (which can be a falls risk) and loss of the skins elasticity.
If the callus is located around the base of the heel, the skin often forms fissures which can become infected. These Heel splits are more common during the summer months when sandals and thongs are worn. As soon as the heel is in a closed-in shoe the skin around the heel is supported and the skin is less stressed.
Treatment for callus involves reducing friction on the callus by applying a greasing ointment or a Foot Foundation gel product.
Which products you select depends on a number of factors – ease of application, your budget, location of the callus, and the product should be one that addresses the cause of the problem.
The following Foot Foundation products may be useful:
- Foot Foundation Gel Bunion Shield can be used for callus on the underside of the foot when worn looped over the 2nd or 3rd toe and placed over the callus site.
- Foot Foundation Gel Big Toe Protector can assist if the callus is on the side of the big toe.
- Foot Foundation Gel Sore Protector can be used to deflect pressure over discrete sites of callus formation. These can be cut to shape (e.g. horse shoe).
- Foot Foundation Gel Toe Prop Support can prevent callus formation on the tips of clawed toes and also reduces the pressure on metatarsal heads.
- Foot Foundation Podiatry Adhesive Metatarsal Cushion helps to support and cushion the metatarsal arch and reduce callus formation under the ball of the foot.
- Foot Foundation Anti-Impact Pro orthotic helps to realign the foot and reduces excessive friction, thereby reducing callus formation. This orthotic can be customised by adding the Foot Foundation Metatarsal Cushion and can have the correction increased by adding the Foot Foundation Heel Wedge.
- Foot Foundation 3D Gel Sport Insole for women and 3D Gel Sport Insole for men reduce shearing forces and friction in the skin that leads to callus formation and heat build up.
If you are diabetic or high risk, any potential pressure area should be assessed by your podiatrist to prevent wound formation. If the condition does not improve, see your podiatrist.